Media and Publications

BOS Canada supports non-invasive scientific research on orangutans, and some of the recent projects we’ve been involved with have been covered by the media and have been published in scientific journals.

BOS Canada in the media

Orangutan fishing (April 2011)
Wired Orangutans Use Simple Tools to Catch Fish
Science News Gone Fishing, Orangutan Style

Orangutan water innovations (March 2010)
New Scientist Orang-utans can swim – we’ve got pictures to prove it

Orangutan Pantomime (August 2010)
Discover  4 messages a pantomiming orangutan might be trying to convey
Science Now  Video: Apes play charades
BBC  Orangutans mime to get message across
The Guardian Orangutans use mime to make themselves understood
New Scientist Play-acting orang-utans signal their desires
Discovery News Orangutans use charade-like communication


Davies, C. (2008). Great apes face threat from germs carried by eco-tourists. The Observer, Feb. 3.

Scientific Publications (in English)

Adams, L. (2005). Social learning opportunities in orangutans. MA thesis, Psychology, York University,
Toronto Canada.

Kuznik, S. (1997). How to be an orangutan. International Wildlife, January/February. – “Biologists in ​Southeast Asia are attempting to school captive apes in the fine art of life in the wild.”

Leiman, A. & Ghaffar, N. (1996). Use, Misuse, and Abuse of the Orang-utan. In V. Taylor and N. ​Dunstone (eds.) The Exploitation of Mammal Populations.

Robertson, J.C. (2003). Temperament assessment in rehabilitant orangutans. MA thesis, Psychology, ​York Univ. Canada.

Russon, A. & Andrews, K. (2010). Orangutan Pantomime: Elaborating the Message
​Biology Letters, published on-line before print August 11, 2010.

Russon AE, Wich SA, Ancrenaz M, Kanamori T, Knott CD, Kuze N, Morrogh-Bernard HC, Pratje P, Ramlee H, Rodman P, Sawang A, Sidiyasa, S, Singleton I & van Schaik CP. (2009). Geographic variation in orangutan diets. In SA Wich, SS Utami, T Mitra Setia & CP van Schaik (ed.). Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation, pp. 135-156. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Russon AE, van Schaik CP, Kuncoro P, Ferisa A, Handayani DP, van Noordwijk MA (2009). Innovation and intelligence in orangutans. In SA Wich, SS Utami, T Mitra Setia & CP van Schaik (ed.). Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation, pp. 279-298. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Russon, A. E., Handayani, P., Kuncoro, P. & Ferisa, A. (2007). Orangutan leaf-carrying for nest building: Unravelling cultural processes. Animal Cognition, 10(2), 189-202.

Russon, A. E. (2006). Acquisition of complex foraging skills in juvenile and adolescent orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus): Developmental pacing and shaping. Aquatic Mammals, 32(4), 500-510.

Russon, A. E. (2004). Evolutionary reconstructions of great ape intelligence. In A. E. Russon & D. R. Begun ​(ed.), The Evolution of Great Ape Intelligence, pp. 1-14. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University ​Press.

Russon, A. E. (2004). Great ape cognitive systems. In A. E. Russon & D. R. Begun (ed.), The Evolution of ​Great Ape Intelligence, pp. 76-100. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Russon, A. E. & Begun, D. R. (2004). The evolutionary origins of great ape intelligence. In A. E. Russon & ​D. ​R. Begun (ed.), The Evolution of Great Ape Intelligence, pp. 353-368. Cambridge, UK: ​Cambridge ​University Press. pdf

Russon, A. E. Return of the native: Forest cognition in rehabilitant orangutans. Paper presented at the ​XVIIth Congress of International Primatological Society, Antananarivo, Madagascar, August 9-15, ​1998.

Smith, Joshua (2009) Orangutan-human Interaction in Rehabilitation: Orangutan Contribution to Interaction and Conflict. MA Thesis, Psychology. York University, Toronto Canada.

Yeager, C., & Russon, A. (1998). Trial by fire. International Primatological Society Newsletter.

Scientific Papers (in Bahasa Indonesia)

Beck, B., Walkup, K., Rodrigues, M., Unwin, S., Travis, D. & Stoinski, T. 2007. (Penterjemah: Kuncoro, P.) ​Panduan Re-introduksi kera besar.

Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Konservasi Alam, Departemen Kehutanan (2007). Strategi dan ​Rencana Aksi Konservasi Orangutan Indonesia 2007-2017.

Government of Indonesia (2007). Orangutan Action Plan 2007-2017

IUCN Panduan Reintroduksi Kera Besar, 2007.

Kuncoro, P. (2004). Aktivitas harian orangutan Kalimantan (Pongo pygmaeus Linnaeus, 1760) rehabilitan di ​hutan ​lindung pegunungan Meratus, Kalimantan Timur. Skripsi S-1, Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas ​Matematika ​dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Udayana, Bali.

Suhud, M. & Saleh, C. (2007). Dampak Perubahan Iklim Terhadap Habitat Orangutan, Jakarta: WWF-​Indonesia.